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Recent advances in noble metal-free electrocatalysts to achieve efficient alkaline water splitting

2024-04-15

Abstract

Electrochemical water splitting is one of the promising approaches for generating hydrogen.

Developing noble metal-free electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is important to achieve efficient water-splitting.

This paper reviews the activity, stability, and durability of recently reported noble metal-free electrocatalysts such as oxides/hydroxides/(oxy)hydroxides/layered double hydroxides, sulfides, selenides, phosphides/​phosphates, nitrides, carbon-based electrocatalysts, and alloy/​B/​V/​F/​Si based electrocatalysts for the HER and OER in an alkaline environment, including the strategies used to achieve high activity and stability/​durability at a current density of ≥1000 mA cm2.

Moreover, this paper discusses the various promising strategies including the fabrication of nanostructured, ultrathin, porous, and nanoporous materials, preparing superaerophobic surfaces, construction of hollow structures, core – shell structures, heterostructures, heterojunctions, or Mott – Schottky heterojunctions, designing facile and/​or scalable synthesis routes, creating doping and/​or vacancies/​defects, fabricating catalysts with high valence state sites, designing medium or high-entropy alloys, and tuning the atomic packing structure, electronic structure, or conductivity to enhance the activity and stability for the HER and/​or OER.

Recent advances in noble metal-free electrocatalysts to achieve efficient alkaline water splitting

by Mohammed-Ibrahim Jamesh, Dingqin Hu,Jing Wang, Farah Naz, Jianpei Feng,Li Yu, Zhao Cai, Juan Carlos Colmenares, Duu-Jong Lee, Paul K. Chu and Hsien-Yi Hsu. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2024, Advance Article.


DOI: 10.1039/D3TA07418H


First published: 09 April 2024
 

Article link (OPEN ACCESS!):

https://​doi​.org/​10​.​1039​/​D​3​T​A​07418H

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