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Nanophotocatalysis in Selective Transformations of Lignocellulose-derived Molecules: A Green Approach for the Synthesis of Fuels, Fine Chemicals, and Pharmaceuticals

2016-01-01

Abstract

Heterogeneous nanophotocatalysis has become a comprehensively studied area of research during the past two decades due to its practical interest in many applications including water/​air detoxification/​disinfection, cancer therapy, sterilization, CO2 photoreduction (artificial photosynthesis), anti fogging surfaces, heat transfer and heat dissipation, anticorrosion, lithography, solar chemicals synthesis and several other applications. Excited electron – hole pairs are generated upon light irradiation of a wide band gap semiconductor which can be applied to solar cells to generate electricity or in chemical processes to create/​degrade specific compounds. Precisely the excitation of the catalyst coming from solar light to start chemical reactions is an excellent representative example of the Green Chemistry principles. While the field of heterogeneous photocatalysis for pollutant abatement and mineralisation of contaminants has been extensively investigated, a new research avenue related to the selective valorization of lignocellulose has recently emerged as a promising alternative to utilise solar light for the production of valuable chemicals and fuels. This compressive chapter will focus on the potential applications of solid nano photocatalysts in the selective conversion of lignocellulose-derived substrates into fuels, fine chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates.

Juan C. Colmenares. Book title: Green Photo-active Nanomaterials: Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation”. Editors: Nurxat Nuraje, Ramazan Asmatulu and Guido Mul. ISBN: 9781849739597. DOI:10.1039/9781782622642. The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016 (Chapter 8, Pp. 168 – 201). 

http://​pubs​.rsc​.org/​e​n​/​c​o​n​t​e​n​t​/​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​/​b​k​9781849739597​-​00168/978 – 1-84973 – 959-7#!divabstract 

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