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Comparison of Heavy Metals Removal from Aqueous Solution by Moringa oleifera Leaves and Seeds



In this work, biomass obtained from seeds (S-MO) and leaves (L-MO) of the Moringa oleifera plant were used as low-cost biosorbents to remove the Pb(II), Cd(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) from aqueous solutions. The biosorption of the heavy metal ions was done using the batch technique. The effects of contact time (30 – 1440 min), biosorbent dosage (10 – 50 g/​L) (0.1 – 0.5 g), and initial concentration of metals (10 – 500 mg/​L) on the sorption capacity of metal ions were investigated. The S-MO and L-MO samples’ characterization was performed using pHpzc, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). It was found that the pHpzc was notably different between the seeds and leave-derived biosorbents. The removal process’s experimental kinetic data for both S-MO and L-MO were best described by the pseudo-second-order model for all metal ions, with R2 above 0.997 in all cases. Langmuir and Freundlich’s models were also used to analyze the isotherms parameters. Based on the Langmuir model, the maximum sorption capacities (Qm) for L-MO were found as follows: L-MO-Pb > L-MO-Cd > L-MO-Co ≥ L-MO-Ni, and for S-MO, the values of Qm values presented the following order: S-MO-Pb > S-MO-Co > S-MO-Cd > S-MO-Ni.

M. Abatal, M.T. Olguin, I. Anastopoulos, D.A. Giannakoudakis, E.C. Lima, J. Vargas, and C. Aguilar, Coatings, 11(5) (2021) 508Open Access!!!

https://​www​.mdpi​.com/2079 – 6412/​11/​5/​508/​htm 

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