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Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Methyl Orange Uptake by Mn – Rich Synthetic Mica: Insights into Manganese Role in Adsorption and Selectivity

2020-08-03

Abstract

Manganese – containing mica (Mn – mica) was synthesized at 200 °C/96 h using Mn-carbonate, Al – nitrate, silicic acid, and high KOH concentration under hydrothermal conditions. Mn – mica was characterized and tested as a new adsorbent for the removal of methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous solutions. Compared to naturally occurring mica, the Mn – mica with manganese in the octahedral sheet resulted in enhanced MO uptake by four times at pH 3.0 and 25 °C. The pseudo – second order equation for kinetics and Freundlich equation for adsorption isotherm fitted well to the experimental data at all adsorption temperatures (i.e., 25, 40 and 55 °C). The decrease of Langmuir uptake capacity from 107.3 to 92.76 mg·g1 within the temperature range of 25 – 55 °C suggested that MO adsorption is an exothermic process. The role of manganese in MO selectivity and the adsorption mechanism was analyzed via the physicochemical parameters of a multilayer adsorption model. The aggregated number of MO ions per Mn – mica active site (n) was superior to unity at all temperatures signifying a vertical geometry and a mechanism of multi – interactions. The active sites number (DM) of Mn – mica and the total removed MO layers (Nt) slightly changed with temperature. The decrease in the MO adsorption capacities (Qsat = n·DM·Nt) from 190.44 to 140.33 mg·g1 in the temperature range of 25 – 55 °C was mainly controlled by the n parameter. The results of adsorption energies revealed that MO uptake was an exothermic (i.e., negative ΔE values) and a physisorption process (ΔE < 40 kJ mol 1). Accordingly, the adsorption of MO onto Mn – mica was governed by the number of active sites and the adsorption energy. This study offers insights into the manganese control of the interactions between MO ions and Mn – mica active sites.

M.A. Barakat, A.Q. Selim, M. Mobarak, R. Kumar, I. Anastopoulos, D. Giannakoudakis, A. Bonilla-Petriciolet, E.A. Mohamed, M. K. Seliem, and S. Komarneni. Nanomaterials, 10 (2020) 1464. DOI: 10.3390/nano10081464. Open Access!!! 

https://​doi​.org/​10​.​3390​/​n​a​n​o​10081464

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