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Chapter 14: Black Titania: turning the surface chemistry towards visible light absorption, (photo) remediation of hazardous organics and H2 production



Environmental protection and energy conversion by state-of-the-art photocatalysts emerge as imperative in pursuit for ideal, sustainable and green oriented solutions. However, major drawbacks in broader application of one of the most promising semiconductor photocatalyst, titanium dioxide (TiO2), lies in the need for enhancing visible light absorption and elevating the photocatalytic reactivity. Towards these directions, narrowing the band gap and functionalization of the surface chemistry are among the most prosperous materials design approaches.

As reported in earlier work, the surface structure engineering proven to be an encouraging approach to endow optical and electrical properties of the TiO2 based material. For the first time, the black powder of TiO2 with a disordered lattice and hydrogen surface doping, was obtained through hydrogenation under high pressure and temperature, consequently leading to narrowing the optical band gap to 1.54 eV. The presented chapter aims to reveal in – depth all the literature available information related to the black titania synthesis in addition of sharing in details its prosperous physicochemical properties.

Feature information related to the photocatalytic activity of black TiO2 as well as of the most crucial features will also be provided. Finally, the chapter will conclude with the derived significant benefits of such material properties in photocatalytic treatment of organic pollutants and hydrogen production.

Jovana Prekodravac, Dimitrios Giannakoudakis, Bojana Vasiljevic, Vaishakh Nair, Juan Carlos Colmenares, Dejan Kepic. Chapter nr 14 in a book titled: Novel Materials for Emerging Environmental Remediation Applications: adsorption and beyond”. Edited by Dimitrios A. Giannakoudakis, Lucas Meili, Ioannis Anastopoulos. ISBN: 9780323918947. Copyright: © Elsevier 2022.

Published: September 12022

https://​www​.else​vier​.com/​b​o​o​k​s​/​n​o​v​e​l​-​m​a​t​e​r​i​a​l​s​-​f​o​r​-​e​n​v​i​r​o​n​m​e​n​t​a​l​-​r​e​m​e​d​i​a​t​i​o​n​-​a​p​p​l​i​c​a​t​i​o​n​s​/​g​i​a​n​n​a​k​o​u​d​a​k​i​s/978 – 0-323 – 91894-7

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