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A Hands-on Guide to the Synthesis of High-Purity and High-Surface-Area Magnesium Oxide



In this study, magnesium nitrate, chloride or sulphate were used in the synthesis of Mg(OH)2, the precursor of MgO. It was found that the counter ion strongly influences the purity of the Mg(OH)2, as well as the specific surface area of the obtained MgO. The latter is also strongly influenced by the calcination temperature.

The choice of the precipitating agent can lead to the introduction of K+ or Na+ ions and hence NH3 (aq) is the best choice. A multistep precipitation procedure of Mg(OH)2 was proposed to lower the concentration of typical impurities (Fe, Ni and Mn) found in commercial p.a. purity Mg(NO3)2. The effect of the number of portions of water used for washing of Mg(OH)2 on the purity of the final product has also been investigated in detail.

The stages of formation of grains of Mg(OH)2 and their subsequent thermal decomposition was described together with determination of the introduction of new impurities into the material. Large scale (1500 g) preparation of Mg(OH)2 with an improved purity was performed and described. Therefore, this study explains what measures should be taken to obtain pure magnesia catalysts and is a valuable resource for catalytic research in which magnesia is used.

by Marek Gliński, Agnieszka Czajka, Urszula Ulkowska, Ewa M. Iwanek (née Wilczkowska), Dariusz Łomot, Zbigniew Kaszkur. Catalysts2022, 12(12), 1595.

DOI: 10.3390/catal12121595
First published: 6 December 2022

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